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AKKARAI PATTU அக்கரைப்பற்று

  • 1 August 2014
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sea-shore AKKARAI PATTU,, in Akkarai pattu, Kalpitiya Division, Puttalam District.  Does not figure in the Censuses for 1891 or 1901.   Population – 1881: 81 houses; 260 males, 141 females, 401 persons.

AKKARAI PATTUWA in Puttalam pattuwa, Puttalam Division, Puttalam District.

Situation and Extent–  Casie Chitty (1834) refers to it as “Akkarapattoo, one of the divisions of the District of Puttalam, improperly denominated in the maps Navacarre.  It extends along the peninsula Calpentyn from Madikettah Ode to Odepankarre; is about 29 miles in length and 5 at its greatest breadth.

Villages and Inhabitants. – “ It comprehends 42 villages, and the number of inhabitants in 1831 was reckoned at 5.666. in the proportion of one Malabar to ten Moors”.

Soil and Products – Though the soil is generally sandy, coconut trees thrive exceedingly well, and the whole tract which borders the gulf appears, as it were, almost covered with that most useful tree.  In the southern parts there are large plots of paddy land, but as only a very small portion has been subjected to the plough, the annual produce seldom averages more than 7,000 parrahs.  Tobacco is raised everywhere, and in large quantities, and the high lands are sown with a variety of fine grains,  amongst which corakan has been found essentially useful; in furnishing subsistence to the poorer classes.  Cinnamon grows wild, mixed with other jungle trees, in the neighbourhood of Toduway, but in consequence of its inferior quality, compared with that of the Sinhalese Districts, it has not attracted the notice of peelers.”

Salt Manufactory.  –  “It possesses large manufactory of salt, and supplies Government with a considerable quantity of that article for shipment to Colombo and other parts.  The salt pans are the property of private individuals, who are remunerated for the salt by Government at the rate of one fanam per parrah, which is, however, an inadequate compensation for the trouble they undergo in manufacturing it.”

Live Stock      –           “In 1831 there were in this province 5,805 horned cattle and 2,480 goats; the dairy is entirely managed by women, and ther produce is transported to the markets of Colombo.” (Ceylon Gazetteer, pp, 4-5)

Land suitable for Coconut   –   In the Akkarai pattu lie some of the best lands in the whole island for coconut cultivation.”  (Administration Report, Puttalam, 1884) A large tract of land was sold in January, 1885, 1,393 acres realizing Rs. 28,488.  The Akkarai pattu is rapidly rising in importance.  Great progress has been made of late years in coconut planting in this District. It is estimated that 60,000 tons of copra are exported annually from this District, but the planters suffer much from want of means of transport. (Ibid.)

NNF

(GAZETTEER of the PUTTALAM DISTRICT  of the NORTH WESTERN PROVINCE of CEYLON – FRANK MODDER F.R.G.S.  – 1908)


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